The course of the global financial crisis displayed widespread flaws in regulation and supervisory failure. The financial sectors of advanced countries piled up systemic risk comprising almost all financial institutions. In addition, high cross-border exposure between the financial institutions resulted in a core meltdown when the bubble burst in 2008. The financial sectors of many advanced countries risked collapse, meaning unprecedented monetary and fiscal intervention by policy authorities was necessary to stabilise the situation.
In contrast, many emerging market economies weathered the financial tsunami not only better than expected in terms of financial and macroeconomic stability given their previous performances during crises, but also better than G7 countries. Against this backdrop, we begin to question which factors account for the low impact of the global financial crisis and which features might explain the strong resilience of emerging markets’ financial sectors. The countries under consideration here are Brazil, India and South Africa. Apart from being heavy weights in their respective regions and continents, the financial sectors of these three countries showed a remarkable resilience to the global financial turmoil.